Table 2

Classification of headache according to International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd Edition

OriginType of headache
The primary headaches1. Migraine: without aura, with aura, chronic, with complications (status migrainosus, migrainous infarction, persistent aura without infraction and migraine aura-triggered seizure), probable migraine without or with aura and episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine.
2. Tension-type headache.
3. Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias.
4. Other primary headache disorders such as headaches associated to cough, exercise, sexual activity, thunderclap, coldĀ stimulus, external pressure, stabbing, nummular, hypnic and new daily persistent.
Secondary headaches5. Headache attributed to trauma or injury to the head and/or neck.
6. Headache attributed to cranial or cervical vascular disorder.
7. Headache attributed to non-vascular intracranial disorder.
8. Headache attributed to a substance or its withdrawal.
9. Headache attributed to infection.
10. Headache attributed to disorder of homoeostasis.
11. Headache or facial pain attributed to disorder of the cranium, neck, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth or other facial or cervical structure.
12. Headache attributed to psychiatric disorder.
Neuropathies and facial pains13. Painful lesions of the cranial nerves and other facial pain.
14. Other headache disorders.