Table 1

Review of literature

StudyAge/sexPresenting
complaint
ImagingSurgeryHistopathology
Warmuth-Metz et al 4 17/maleAtaxia, blurring of visionHomogenous enhancement, calcification, hydrocephalusPartial resection+ radiotherapyAtypical.
Ki-67: 10%.
Hsu et al 1 35/maleHeadache, blurring of visionHeterogeneously enhancement, cysticGross total resectionAtypical.
Ki-67: 2%–10%.
Cook et al 6 58/femaleHeadache, ataxia,
nystagmus
Heterogeneous enhancement, calcificationPartial resection+ radiotherapyTypical
Ki-67:<1%
Gallina et al 7 68/femaleHeadache, vomiting, commaHeterogeneously enhancement,
calcification,
haemorrhage
Gross total resectionTypical
Ki-67: 1%
Cultrera et al 8 28/maleDiplopia, gait disturbancesHomogeneous enhancementGross total resectionAtypical.
Ki-67: 6%
Jain et al 9 7/maleHeadache, vomitingHeterogeneous enhancement, haemorrhage
Cystic
Gross total resection + radiotherapyAtypical.
Ki-67: 10%–20%
Richardson et al 2 70/femaleNausea and vomiting, vertigo, altered tasteHeterogeneous enhancementNear total excisionAtypical.
Ki-67: 5%–7%