Anterior mediastinal masses present a significant challenge in the perioperative period. Standard anaesthetic induction and airway management are often not feasible due to the risk of complete respiratory and/or cardiovascular collapse. Invasive manoeuvres, such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, cardiac bypass, or tracheal or bronchial stenting, are sometimes not applicable due to significant anatomic aberration. We present a case of anterior mediastinal mass in a 5-month-old infant where typical management techniques in the treatment algorithm were not possible.
- medical management
- paediatric surgery
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