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Obstructive sleep apnoea and hypoventilation in an adult with congenital myasthenic syndrome


In this case report, we describe an adult male with congenital myasthenic syndrome due to mutations in muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK, c.79+2 T>G; IVS1 +2 T>G, c.2368 G>A, Val790Met) presenting with sleep apnoea and hypercapnic respiratory failure. In the intensive care unit, he required intubation followed by tracheostomy which resolved obstructive sleep apnoea. Later, due to persistent sleep-associated hypoventilation, he required nocturnal mechanical ventilation. His case illustrates how respiratory muscle weakness due to mutations in MuSK can lead to various forms of sleep disordered breathing.

  • mechanical ventilation
  • respiratory system
  • neuromuscular disease

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