Development of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) after a few weeks of repair of an oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF) is a rare condition in early infancy. Although vomiting or feeding intolerance in operated cases of OA+TOF are attributed to oesophageal stricture, gastro-oesophageal reflux and oesophageal dysmotility, it may also be caused by HPS. Herein, we report a newborn infant who had OA and TOF operation on day 2 of life and diagnosed to have HPS at 15th day of age. Even though it is a rare anomaly, HPS should be kept on mind in the presence of persistent vomiting following repair of OA.
- neonatal intensive care
- paediatric surgery
- gastrointestinal surgery
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Contributors OI: was the first author of the manuscript and undertook most of the literature review. MB: revised the content and accepts responsibility for the over all content as a guarantor. MED: performed the surgery to repair oesophageal atresia. TG: performed the surgery to repair pyloric stenosis and provided the intraoperative images. TG, MED: reviewed and amended the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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