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A 64-year-old man presented to our hospital because of dyspnoea. Twenty years ago, he had started peritoneal dialysis (PD) for chronic kidney disease. He had been diagnosed with secondary hyperparathyroidism 7 years before his presentation to our hospital, with an intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) 1227 pg/mL (normal range 10–60 pg/mL), calcium level of 10.1 mg/dL (normal range 8.8–10.5 mg/dL), phosphorus level of 5.5 mg/dL (normal range 2.4–4.1 mg/dL) and alkaline phosphatase level of 377 IU/L (normal range 140–338 IU/L). His medications included cinacalcet. Ultrasonography showed a 5-milimetre nodule at the lower pole of the parathyroid, but 99mTc-hexakis2- methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI)scintigraphy revealed no abnormal accumulation.
The patient’s intact PTH increased to 2606 pg/mL 6 years prior to presentation. At that time, the patient deferred parathyroidectomy. A year later, he switched from PD to haemodialysis. Intact PTH remained elevated …
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