Article Text

Port-wine stain as a clue for two rare coexisting entities
  1. Filipa Tavares Almeida,
  2. Regina Caldas,
  3. Maria da Luz Duarte,
  4. Celeste Brito
  1. Department of Dermatovenereology, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal
  1. Correspondence to Dr Filipa Tavares Almeida, filipa.almeida6{at}


Phakomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) is an uncommon dermatosis characterised by the presence of both pigmentary and vascular abnormalities.1 Its pathogenesis is not elucidated, and the prognosis is mainly determined by the presence of extracutaneous manifestations, such as Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS), that is defined by the triad of a port-wine stain (PWS), anomalous veins and progressive overgrowth of the affected extremity. Herein, we report a case of an adult patient, who presented with a large PWS, nevus of Ota, ocular melanosis, and limb hypertrophy and varicosities. These findings represented a rare association of PPV type IIb and KTS.

  • dermatology
  • ophthalmology

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  • Contributors FTA, RC and CB contributed to the planning, conduction and report of the work. FTA, RC and MdLD contributed to the conception and design of the work. FTA and RC contributed to the acquisition of analysis and interpretation of the results. All authors are responsible for the overall content.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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