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Bladder calculi causing irreducible urogenital prolapse


Over 200 000 surgeries for vaginal prolapse are done annually, and these are rarely urgent. However, when the rare event of bladder stones causes incarcerated procidentia, surgical intervention should not be delayed, due to unrelenting pain and end-organs effects. We present such a case below. A 71-year-old woman presents to our department with massive uterovaginal and rectal procidentia. This massive prolapse was found to be irreducible due to numerous dahllite stones in the bladder, and was causing obstructive uropathy with left-sided hydronephrosis. A multidisciplinary approach was necessary to surgically correct the prolapse and implement complete removal of all the stones. The simultaneous occurrence of uterovaginal prolapse, rectal prolapse and urolithiasis is uncommon. Stone formation is a result of chronically infected urine presenting a nidus for stone formation. This presentation has occurred very rarely over the last 70 years of the world’s literature. Surgical cures can be achieved by either the vaginal or abdominal routes but should be treated emergently to alleviate pain, prevent renal impairment from obstructive uropathy and decrease infectious morbidity.

  • urinary and genital tract disorders
  • urological surgery
  • urinary tract infections

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