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Acquired generalised lipodystrophy and type 1 diabetes mellitus in a child: a rare and implacable association
  1. Rakesh Kumar1,
  2. Rakesh Kumar Pilania1,
  3. Anmol Bhatia2,
  4. Devi Dayal1
  1. 1Department of Paediatrics, Post Graduate Institude of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rakesh Kumar, drrakesh.pgi{at}


Lipodystrophy syndromes are frequently associated with marked degree of insulin resistance and lipoatrophic diabetes. Although acquired generalised lipodystrophy (AGL) has been known to be associated with various autoimmune disorders, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is very rarely reported to occur with AGL. Combination of AGL and T1DM can lead to a totally different phenotype with very difficult-to-treat diabetes and progressive complications of both the conditions. We report a case of AGL with T1DM with poor diabetes control despite high doses of insulin, metformin and pioglitazone. Our case further progressed to develop complication of retroperitoneal fibrosis, not hitherto reported with AGL.

  • diabetes
  • metabolic disorders
  • lipid disorders
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  • Contributors RK and RKP prepared the manuscript. RK, RKP and DD reviewed the literature on the subject and were involved in the patient care. RK finalised the manuscript. AB reviewed the radiology. All authors had read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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