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Severe haemophilia A in a neonate presenting as haemopneumothorax after tracheo-oesophageal fistula-oesophageal atresia repair


A male infant with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TEF type C) underwent right thoracotomy and transpleural repair of TEF on day 4 of life. He did not have a family history of coagulation disorders. A preoperative finding of prolonged partial thromboplastin time (PTT)>200 s was overlooked, and he went to surgery. There were no concerns with haemostasis prior to and even during the operation. The prolonged PTT was treated with one 10 mL/kg dose of fresh frozen plasma in the immediate postoperative period. On the fourth postoperative day, the infant developed a right haemopneumothorax, requiring fresh frozen plasma and packed cell transfusions. He was subsequently diagnosed with severe haemophilia A due to intron 22 inversion in the factor VIII gene, with factor VIII level <0.01 IU/mL.

  • neonatal intensive care
  • haematology (incl blood transfusion)
  • paediatric surgery
  • otolaryngology / ENT
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