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Bowel perforation in chronic idiopathic megarectum and megacolon
  1. Chukwuebuka Anyaegbuna,
  2. Alexandros Apostolopoulos,
  3. Hitesh Patel
  1. General Surgery, Newham University Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alexandros Apostolopoulos, Alexandros.Apostolopoulos{at}bartshealth.nhs.uk

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Description 

A 24-year-old man with autism spectrum disorder presented to accident and emergency complaining of a 1-week history of abdominal pain and diarrhoea. He had a history of chronic constipation with multiple previous admissions stretching 4 years back. On examination, he had a tender, distended abdomen with quiet bowel sounds. His CT scan on admission (figure 1) showed a dilated (up to 18 cm) rectum and sigmoid colon filled with faeces. The patient was managed conservatively with oral laxatives and regular enemas. However, the patient refused the enemas and was maintained on oral laxatives. Two days later, the patient complained of worsening abdominal pain. On examination, he had a peritonitic abdomen and reduced consciousness level. Biochemical investigations revealed worsening renal function and that the patient was now acidotic. A chest X-ray revealed free air beneath the diaphragm. A repeat CT scan …

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Footnotes

  • Contributors AA and CA were responsible for planning, conducting, reporting and conception. Design of the manuscript was completed by AA and HP.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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