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CASE REPORT
Herpes zoster with cutaneous dissemination: a rare presentation of an uncommon pathology in children

Summary

Herpes zoster, caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation, affects mainly the adult population, although it can occur in children. This happens when primary infection (varicella) has occurred at a very young age or in immunocompromised patients. Complications are rare in healthy individuals. They include VZV cutaneous dissemination, which affects 2%–10% of immunocompromised patients.

We present a previously healthy child, with history of varicella during her first month of life, which presented at age 8 with a severe case of herpes zoster, complicated with cutaneous dissemination. Immunity study was unremarkable. Causes, management and follow-up are discussed.

  • infectious diseases
  • paediatrics
  • immunology

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