Keratinising squamous metaplasia of the bladder is a very rare entity that carries a risk of progression to malignancy. We present a case of a 62-year-old man found to have the condition and discuss the management dilemma with a review of the literature.
- urinary tract infections
- urological surgery
- urological cancer
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Contributors CB: literature review, drafting and writing up manuscript, proof reading and revision and final approval of manuscript. NM: histology images and interpretation, literature review and revision and final approval of manuscript. DG: revision of paper and final approval of manuscript. SM: literature review, writing up manuscript, cystoscopy images, proof reading and revision and final approval of manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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