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CASE REPORT
Keratinising squamous metaplasia of the bladder
  1. Chris Bell1,
  2. Natalie Meara2,
  3. Dev Gulur3,
  4. Seshikanth Middela3
  1. 1School of Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
  2. 2Department of Cellular Pathology, Countess of Chester Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Chester, UK
  3. 3Department of Urology, Countess of Chester Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Chester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Seshikanth Middela, seshikanth.middela{at}nhs.net

Summary

Keratinising squamous metaplasia of the bladder is a very rare entity that carries a risk of progression to malignancy. We present a case of a 62-year-old man found to have the condition and discuss the management dilemma with a review of the literature.

  • urology
  • urinary tract infections
  • urological surgery
  • pathology
  • urological cancer
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Footnotes

  • Contributors CB: literature review, drafting and writing up manuscript, proof reading and revision and final approval of manuscript. NM: histology images and interpretation, literature review and revision and final approval of manuscript. DG: revision of paper and final approval of manuscript. SM: literature review, writing up manuscript, cystoscopy images, proof reading and revision and final approval of manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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