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Intracranial bleeding (ICB) as a catastrophic complication of Streptococcus gordonii infective endocarditis (IE) in an immunocompetent patient


We present an interesting case of late-onset intracranial bleeding (ICB) as a complication of Streptococcus gordonii causing infective endocarditis. A previously healthy young woman was diagnosed with infective endocarditis. While she was already on treatment for 2 weeks, she had developed seizures with a localising neurological sign. An urgent non-contrasted CT brain showed massive left frontoparietal intraparenchymal bleeding. Although CT angiogram showed no evidence of active bleeding or contrast blush, massive ICB secondary to vascular complication of infective endocarditis was very likely. An urgent decompressive craniectomy with clot evacuation was done immediately to release the mass effect. She completed total 6 weeks of antibiotics and had postoperative uneventful hospital stay despite having a permanent global aphasia as a sequel of the ICB.

  • infectious diseases
  • neurology
  • stroke
  • cardiovascular medicine
  • tropical medicine (infectious disease)

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