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CASE REPORT
Combination therapy for systemic sclerosis-associated pneumatosis intestinalis

Summary

We present a case of a patient with pneumatosis intestinalis and pneumoperitoneum secondary to gastrointestinal systemic sclerosis, who presented following recurrent accident and emergency attendances with abdominal pain. Pneumatosis intestinalis is a rare complication of systemic sclerosis; management approaches focus largely on exclusion of life-threatening surgical pathologies and subsequent symptom control. To date, there are still no established gold-standard treatment strategy and no large-scale trial data to support a specific management strategy. We describe a case of successful medical management with a combination of antimicrobial, elemental diet and high-flow inhalation oxygen therapy, with supporting evidence of CT image confirming resolution. This case therefore contributes to the literature, being the first to report both symptomatic and radiological improvement following combination therapy without the need for surgical intervention.

  • systemic sclerosis
  • connective tissue disease
  • pneumatosis intestinalis
  • elemental diet
  • oxygen therapy
  • antibiotic therapy
  • enteric microflora

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