Posterior urethral valves (PUV) are an important cause of paediatric obstructive uropathy. PUV are usually diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography (US) revealing hydronephrosis and bladder distention. We describe a 17-day-old male infant with abdominal distention who had no hydronephrosis on prenatal US. Laboratory investigations showed serum creatinine of 12 mg/dL, hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis. Abdominal US showed large amount of ascites, normal-sized kidneys without hydronephrosis and incompletely distended bladder. Paracentesis revealed clear, yellow ascitic fluid with creatinine level of 27 mg/dL compatible with urinary ascites. Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) demonstrated PUV with a dilated posterior urethra, grade 5 right vesicoureteral reflux and a ruptured kidney fornix with peritoneal extravasation of contrast. Foley decompression resulted in normalisation of creatinine within 72 hours. Transurethral resection of PUV was performed, and a repeat VCUG showed recovery of forniceal rupture. This case illustrates an unusual presentation of a potentially life-threatening but treatable cause of urinary tract obstruction.
- congenital disorders
- neonatal and paediatric intensive care
- renal medicine
- neonatal health
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Contributors EP, PS-M and SA participated in clinical data collection and analysis, drafted the initial manuscript and approved the final manuscript as submitted.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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