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Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome: a novel diagnosis to a common presentation


Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVLS) or riboflavin transporter deficiency (OMIM 211530) is a rare treatable autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder. This condition is associated with progressive pontobulbar palsy. We describe the clinical course of a 16-month-old boy with BVVLS and a novel homozygous mutation from Pakistan. Our patient presented with stridor and respiratory insufficiency. Hearing loss which is the most common sign of this condition was absent, making it an unusual presentation of BVVLS. His examination revealed ptosis and tongue fasciculation. His riboflavin receptor mutational analysis showed the homozygous mutation in the SLC52A3 gene. Per oral riboflavin was administered, and subsequently, he was able to be weaned off the ventilator. Now the child is improving and attaining developmental milestones.

  • neuromuscular disease
  • mechanical ventilation

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