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CASE REPORT
Adult Henolch-Schonlein purpura: multiorgan failure in the setting of a purpuric rash
  1. Luke Maxfield1,2,
  2. Aurora Peck3,
  3. Laura Bond Youngblood1
  1. 1Internal Medicine, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, College of Health Education and Professional Studies, Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA
  2. 2Dermatology, Sampson Regional Medical Center, Clinton, NC, USA
  3. 3College of Medicine, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, College of Health Education and Professional Studies, Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Luke Maxfield, luke.maxfield{at}Med.lecom.edu

Summary

We report a 66-year-old man with a history of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation on warfarin therapy and chronic kidney disease that presented with acute dyspnoea. He had multiple palpable purpuric lesions on his bilateral lower extremities. Laboratory findings supported acute anaemia with no obvious bleeding source, supratherapeutic international normalised ratio and acute on chronic kidney injury. Oesophogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy initially suggested ischaemic colitis. The patient’s legs were treated symptomatically with topical steroids. He later developed acute large volume bloody diarrhoea that made him haemodynamically unstable. Punch biopsy of the skin was consistent with leucocytoclastic vasculitis and direct immunofluorescence demonstrated immunoglobulin A and C3 deposits consistent with Henoch-Schonlein purpura. The patient was treated with oral steroids. Bleeding stabilised and rash resolved. Steroids were successfully tapered. The patient was discharged on haemodialysis but ultimately this was able to be discontinued.

  • dermatology
  • ulcer
  • vasculitis
  • acute renal failure
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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors were involved in the patient’s care and acquisition of data; compilation of patient information; editing and formalizing discussion; editing for journal format; approved of final draft upon submission and agreed to the integrity of the article. AP was involved in the initial compilation of discussion section and review and editing of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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