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Extrapulmonary tuberculosis: atypical presentation in otorhinolaryngology
  1. Savitha Subramani,
  2. Prasanna Kumar Saravanam,
  3. Rashmika Rajendran
  1. ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, Sri Ramachandra University Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Savitha Subramani, savithasubramani10{at}


Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a major health burden globally more so in low/middle-income countries like India. There is an increase in the prevalence of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) because of HIV epidemics and increased usage of immunomodulating drugs. EPTB constitutes 15%–20% of all patients with TB and >50% of HIV-TB coinfected patients. We present three such atypical presentations of EPTB in head and neck region. EPTB can mimic any disease, hence knowledge of the unusual presentations helps in making early diagnosis and thereby reduces the morbidity and mortality involved with the disease.

  • ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology
  • global health
  • TB and other respiratory infections
  • tropical medicine (infectious disease)
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  • Contributors SS: designing the work, collection and analysis of data, drafting the article. SS is the corresonding author. PKS: intellectual content. RR: drafting the article. All three authors were invoved in patient care.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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