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CASE REPORT
Acute renal artery embolisation: role of local catheter-based intra-arterial thrombolysis
  1. Neeraj Ganju,
  2. Sachin Sondhi,
  3. Arvind Kandoria
  1. Cardiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sachin Sondhi, ssachin119{at}gmail.com

Summary

A 45-year-old man without previous comorbidity presented to us with acute onset right-sided flank pain for last 14 hours. His general physical and systemic examination was unremarkable, and there were no clinical signs of peritonitis. The ultrasonography did not reveal any evidence of nephrolithiasis or hydronephrosis. His contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed hypoattenuated areas of right kidney and evidence of right renal artery thrombosis. He was immediately shifted to cardiac catheterisation lab, and his renal angiography showed thrombotic occlusion of right renal artery. The bolus dose of streptokinase (250 000 IU) was given locally in renal artery by right judkins catheter followed by systemic infusion of streptokinase (100 000 IU/hour) for 24 hours. After that he was started on low molecular weight heparin. Repeat renal angiography done after 5 days showed completely normal right renal artery. His cardiac and thrombophilia work up was negative, and he was discharged on antiplatelets, oral anticoagulants and statins.

  • interventional cardiology
  • renal system
  • emergency medicine
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Footnotes

  • Contributors All authors are involved in management of the patient. NG and SS performed renal angiography. Decision regarding local thrombolysis is taken by NG and AK. SS wrote the manuscript. Manuscript was approved by AK and NG.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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