Anterior megalophthalmos and keratoglobus are characterised by corneal thinning and deep anterior chamber. They are clinically distinguished on the basis of normal to slightly decreased corneal thickness with a large corneal diameter (>13 mm) in case of anterior megalophthalmos, and marked limbus-to-limbus corneal thinning with globular protrusion in keratoglobus. To achieve and maintain a centred and stable intraocular lens (IOL) position in the bag is often difficult in cases of anterior megalophthalmos due to a too large diameter of the capsular bag and ciliary ring. We report a case of a 40-year-old man with features of anterior megalophthalmos with extremely thin cornea. He had spontaneous posterior dislocation of IOL and capsular tension ring (CTR) within the bag after initial successful cataract surgery. The dislocated complex could neither have been repositioned with scleral fixation due to large diameter of ciliary ring nor could it have been explanted through a clear corneal incision due to associated very thin cornea. We performed pars plana vitrectomy and separated the IOL-CTR complex inside the eye and explanted them separately through the sclerotomy, as is done for removal of intraocular foreign body. This avoided incision on the thin cornea. We conclude that this method can be very useful in a similar clinical situation but is complex enough to justify its use in routine cases.
- anterior chamber
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Contributors ABG, PB, DA and SC contributed for concept, design, manuscript review and editing. ABG and PB contributed in literature search, manuscript preparation.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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