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CASE REPORT
Acute spontaneous intracranial epidural haematoma and disseminated intravascular coagulation in a paediatric sickle cell patient
  1. Christopher Banerjee1,
  2. June Yowtak1,
  3. Diana Fridlyand2,
  4. Cargill Alleyne Jr1
  1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, Augusta University Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
  2. 2Department of Pediatrics, Augusta University Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Cargill Alleyne Jr, calleyne{at}augusta.edu

Summary

An African American teenage boy during an acute sickle cell crisis spontaneously developed acute bifrontal epidural haematomas (EDHs) in addition to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The successfully evacuated EDH reaccumulated postoperatively. After multiple transfusions, the patient underwent repeat surgery. Subsequent maximal medical therapy was unable to significantly improve the patient’s neurological status, and due to family wishes, care was withdrawn. EDH are the most common emergent neurosurgical complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). Twenty-two such cases have been previously reported. We present one further complicated by DIC leading to reaccumulation of the patient’s EDH. An understanding of the mechanisms of EDH formation in SCD and their associated radiological findings could help clinicians identify when a patient is at high risk of EDH formation and thus offer the potential for early intervention prior to the development of an emergency.

  • neuroimaging
  • sickle cell disease
  • neurosurgery
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Footnotes

  • Contributors CB designed the case report, collected data and wrote the paper. JY was involved with the diagnosis and clinical management and decision making, and assisted with revising the article critically for intellectual content. DF reviewed the medical record, collected data on the case and contributed to writing and reviewing the paper. CA supervised the overall conception and design of the case report, interpretation of data and clinical management of the patient.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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