Article Text

Unusual cause of brachial palsy with diaphragmatic palsy
  1. Vishal Gupta1,
  2. Aakash Pandita2,
  3. Astha Panghal2,
  4. Neha Hassan3
  1. 1Neonatology, Max Hospital, New Delhi, India
  2. 2Neonatology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute Of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  3. 3Vidant Medical Center, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Aakash Pandita, aakash.pandita{at}


We report a preterm neonate born with respiratory distress. The neonate was found to have diaphragmatic palsy and brachial palsy. The neonate was born by caesarean section and there was no history of birth trauma. On examination, there was bilateral congenital talipes equinovarus and a scar was present on the forearm. The mother had a history of chickenpox during the 16 weeks of pregnancy for which no treatment was sought. On investigation, PCR for varicella was found to be positive in the neonate.

  • infectious diseases
  • neonatal intensive care
  • medical education

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  • Contributors VG, APandita and NH conceptualised and designed the manuscript, drafted the initial manuscript, reviewed and revised the manuscript. APanghal conceptualised, critically reviewed and revised the manuscript. All authors approved the final manuscript as submitted.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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