A 68-year-old man, presented with 3 week history of infective symptoms and mild haemoptysis. Past medical history included severe emphysema and a chronic right upper lobe (RUL) cavity. He was discharged from follow-up a year ago in view of clinical and radiological stability; previous bronchoscopic examinations yielded no specific diagnosis. CT scan on admission confirmed complex cavitary consolidation of RUL. He developed massive haemoptysis requiring intubation and ventilation. CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) revealed 16 mm RUL pulmonary artery (PA) aneurysm which was successfully embolized. Sputum cultures, aspergillus antigen and rapidity of clinical progression suggested a diagnosis of subacute invasive aspergillosis (SAIA), prompting treatment with Voriconazole. Bronchoscopy showed blood ooze from RUL even after embolization. Unfortunately, patient continued to deteriorate and succumbed to profound septicaemia.
- tb and other respiratory infections
- pneumonia (respiratory medicine)
- pulmonary emphysema
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Contributors SP, AM and MBG planned and drafted the article. SP & MBG were involved in sorting out legal issues related to consent. SP, AM and NQ collected patient data. SP and MBG were involved in the critical revision and approval of the final version to be published.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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