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CASE REPORT
Phaeochromocytoma found on cardiovascular magnetic resonance in a patient presenting with acute myocarditis: an unusual association
  1. Sophia Khattak,
  2. Iain Sim,
  3. Luke Dancy,
  4. Benjamin Whitelaw,
  5. Dan Sado
  1. Department of Cardiology, King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sophia Khattak, sophia.khattak{at}nhs.net

Summary

Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction. The most common cause is infection (most commonly viral). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is the gold standard non-invasive diagnostic test for potential acute myocarditis as it allows assessment of myocardial oedema and scar. A man aged 25 years was admitted with chest pain, dizziness, headache, palpitations and sweating. His troponin was mildly positive. A CMR was performed which showed mild myocarditis and a right suprarenal mass which was confirmed to be a phaeochromocytoma based on biochemistry and a dedicated imaging workup. Phaeochromocytoma can lead to cardiac involvement in the form of left ventricular dysfunction, or catecholamine-induced myocarditis.

  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • cardiovascular system
  • endocrine system
  • adrenal disorders
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Footnotes

  • Contributors SK designed and drafted the case report. DS, IS and Dr Whitelaw revised and finalised the report. Dr Whitelaw and LD are new authors, please see additional documents uploaded.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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