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CASE REPORT
Spontaneous splenic rupture as a rare complication of G-CSF injection

Summary

Splenic rupture is an infrequent and underdiagnosed side effect of granylocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). We report the case of a 54-year-old woman with brain and bone metastasis in a lung adenocarcinoma who was admitted for faintness 28 days after a G-CSF injection. Abdominal CT scan confirmed the diagnosis of splenic rupture. A conservative treatment was chosen using a peritoneal cleansing during laparoscopic surgery. Clinicians should be aware of this rare toxicity as it could be severe, but easily reversible using appropriate surgical treatment. Even if prognosis remains poor for patients with lung cancer, invasive procedures could be considered in this rapidly evolving setting, especially in case of reversible adverse event.

  • lung cancer (oncology)
  • unwanted effects / adverse reactions

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