Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Reversible brain lesion following growth hormone replacement therapy in an adolescent


A 12.6-year-old girl presented with a 2-month history of headache, recurrent vomiting and 5 kg weight loss. She had been receiving recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement therapy at a dose of 0.035 mg/kg for the past 10 months, due to short stature. Investigations before initiating rhGH, including brain MRI, had been normal. Physical examination revealed a nystagmus and a mildly elevated arterial blood pressure. Brain MRI revealed a lesion in the posterior aspect of the medulla oblongata, adjacent to the foramen of Magendie. rhGH therapy was discontinued, followed by a gradual resolution of the symptoms. At follow-up 3 months later, she was asymptomatic and physical examination was unremarkable. A subsequent repeat brain MRI showed complete resolution of the lesion, supporting the diagnosis of a variant of reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome. This is the first case report of a reversible brain lesion linked to rhGH replacement therapy.

  • drugs: endocrine system
  • paediatrics
  • radiology

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.