Pertussis is an acute respiratory illness caused by Bordetella pertussis, showing a re-emergence in developed countries. However, it is probably under-recognised and, as a consequence, its burden is underestimated. Here, we report the clinical case of an infant diagnosed with pertussis, despite a regular schedule of vaccination, thanks to a careful clinical evaluation, including personal and family history. In addition to pointing the attention on a precocious diagnosis of atypical cases of pertussis, this case report further raised the issue of modifying and/or implementing the immunisation strategy, considering the ongoing changes of social (eg, immigration) and sanitary (eg, vaccine coverage) background in Italy and all over the Europe.
- general practice / family medicine
- global health
- pneumonia (infectious disease)
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Contributors DP diagnosed and managed the clinical case. MGN, NM and PB provided contribution to the clinical management. DP conceived and wrote the paper.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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