Prognosis of hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia (HAAA) was improved with haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and immunosuppression, but the long-term outcome remains undefined. Case 1: a girl aged 3 years with acute liver failure (ALF) submitted to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) subsequently developed aplastic anaemia and HSCT from a compatible sibling was performed. Post-HSCT, the patient developed post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and rituximab was administered with good response. Fifteen years later, both grafts show good outcome. Case 2: a girl aged 10 years submitted to OLT due to ALF, developed pancytopenia 2 months later. Due to the absence of a human leucocyte antigen compatible donor, she was treated with ciclosporin and antithymocyte globulin with very good long-term outcome. These clinical cases suggest that, for patients with HAAA that underwent OLT, aggressive therapy with HSCT or immunosuppression may provide a benign long-term outcome.
- hepatitis other
- malignant and benign haematology
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Contributors All authors contributed to this paper. CG was involved in patient follow-up, acquisition of data and draft the paper; SF was involved in acquisition of data, patient follow-up and critical review of the paper; SN was involved in patient follow-up and critical review of the paper; IG was involved in patient follow-up, critical review of the paper and approved the final version.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.