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Portomesenteric venous thrombosis complicated by a haemorrhagic shock: a rare complication of laparoscopic gastrectomy


Portomesenteric venous thrombosis is a rare complication reported in only a few cases involving laparoscopic bariatric surgery. We report a case of a 44-year-old woman who presented 14 days after recent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with the chief complaint of abdominal pain and associated nausea. Abdominal CT demonstrated thrombi in her superior mesenteric, portal and splenic veins. She was initiated on therapeutic heparin but developed haemorrhagic shock shortly afterwards. Subsequent CT angiogram failed to localise the source of her haemorrhage. Her haemodynamic instability improved following a 6-day intensive care unit stay requiring vasopressive agents and blood transfusions. Further hypercoagulable workup revealed that she was a heterozygous carrier of the prothrombin gene mutation, and thus started on lifelong oral anticoagulation.

  • Haematology (incl blood transfusion)
  • Obesity (nutrition)
  • Surgery
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