Scrotal haematoma is an extremely rare complication after cardiac catheterisation (CC) with only few cases reported in literature. We report a 56-year-old patient who developed large scrotal haematoma after CC via transfemoral approach requiring blood transfusion due to haemodynamic instability. After an uneventful elective procedure, he was discharged with a collagen plug-based vascular closure device (Angio-Seal). He developed sudden onset, excruciating groin pain with scrotal swelling and shock. Bleeding was stopped with manual compression over the femoral artery and 2 units of packed red blood cells were transfused. CT angiogram revealed scrotal haematoma without active bleeding. Testicular blood supply remained intact. Scrotal swelling improved with conservative management and patient got discharged 3 days later in a stable condition. The review of literature suggests that penoscrotal haematoma is unusual after CC but may result from arterial injury or bleeding into the fascial planes. Majority of patients require observation but surgery is indicated in selected cases for vascular complications.
- interventional cardiology
- vascular surgery
- medical education
- adult intensive care
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Contributors PS: conception and design of the case, drafting the manuscript, data collection, critical revision of the manuscript. VK: conception and design of the case, drafting the manuscript, critical revision of the manuscript. SC, BM: critical revision of the manuscript. This manuscript has been reviewed, refined and approved by all the authors for publication in BMJ Case Report. All the authors also certify that this material or similar material has not been and will not be submitted to or published in any other publication before its appearance in the BMJ Case Report.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.