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Congenital neonatal scalp arteriovenous malformation: a very rare entity
  1. Ali Shabbir Hussain1,
  2. Shah Ali Ahmed1,
  3. Syed Rehan Ali2,
  4. Khalil Ahmad1
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  2. 2Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ali Shabbir Hussain, ali.hussain{at}


Congenital arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of scalp are rare congenital vascular malformations. They are usually not symptomatic at birth and are often misdiagnosed as haemangiomas. To date, only two cases of symptomatic neonatal scalp AVM have been reported in literature. Pathophysiology of congenital AVM is not completely understood but genetic and acquired causes are implicated. Diagnosis and management are often difficult and require multidisciplinary approach. We report a rare case of symptomatic congenital scalp AVM in a 10-day-old neonate who was successfully managed at our unit.

  • congenital disorders
  • neonatal and paediatric intensive care

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  • Contributors This study has been performed by all the authors contributing equally in the conception, data collection and manuscript writing. SAA wrote the initial draft which was then edited by ASH who is the corresponding author. ASH, SRA and KA reviewed and finalised the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained from guardian.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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