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CASE REPORT
Aceruloplasminaemia: a rare but important cause of iron overload
  1. Adam Doyle1,
  2. Ferry Rusli1,
  3. Prithi Bhathal2
  1. 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Adam Doyle, doyle.adam{at}gmail.com

Summary

We present a case of a 20-year-old man referred to our service with iron overload and mildly deranged liver biochemistry. Although liver histopathology was consistent with haemochromatosis, iron studies were not consistent with this diagnosis. Serum ceruloplasmin levels were undetectable, leading to a diagnosis of aceruloplasminaemia. Unlike other iron overload disorders, neurological complications are a unique feature of this illness, and often irreversible, once established. The patient was treated with iron chelation prior to the onset of neurological injury, and experienced progressive normalisation of his ferritin and liver biochemistry. This is one of the youngest diagnosed cases in the published literature and, crucially, was a rare case of diagnosis and treatment prior to the onset of neurological sequelae. This is presented alongside a review of previously published cases of aceruloplasminaemia, including responses to iron chelation therapy.

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