Pacemaker infection with Mycobacterium chelonae has not been reported previously. We report the first case of pacemaker lead endocarditis due to M. chelonae, which was successfully treated with multidrug regimen. M. chelonae is regarded as an environmental bacterium and its pathogenicity has been recognised recently. The present case illustrates its ability as a primary invader should not be underestimated, especially in an immunocompetent patient with indwelling devices. Epidemiology and management of this rare cause of culture-negative endocarditis is discussed.
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