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CASE REPORT
Use of an oscillatory PEP device to enhance bronchial hygiene in a patient of post-H1NI pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome with pneumothorax
  1. Deepali Narula1,
  2. Vivek Nangia2
  1. 1Department of Physiotherapy, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India
  2. 2Department of Pulmonology, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vivek Nangia, viveknangia{at}gmail.com; Deepali Narula, physio.deepali{at}gmail.com

Summary

A 26-year-old, 14 week pregnant woman was admitted to our hospital with pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome in an intubated and mechanically ventilated state. She was diagnosed to have polymicrobial infection and left-sided pneumothorax and was put on a ventilator for 2 weeks. Postextubation, she found it difficult to clear her respiratory secretions despite aggressive routine chest physiotherapy. She was planned to undergo a mini-tracheostomy for tracheobronchial toileting. However, before that, she was given a trial of Acapella, a hand-held oscillatory positive expiratory pressure (OPEP) therapy device, for facilitating airway clearance, with the aim to speed up the recovery. The patient found it easy to use and clear the secretions optimally, thus averting a mini-tracheostomy. This case report highlights the advantages of the OPEP therapy device in effective management of bronchial hygiene in patients with poor respiratory effort.

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