A 30-year-old man was referred for investigation and management of hyperuricaemia. History included recurrent nephrolithiasis and chronic gout with poor response to medical management. Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) enzyme activity was investigated and found to be deficient confirming the diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan disease. Hyperuricaemia was treated with allopurinol. To prevent nephrolithiasis, the patient was instructed to avoid dehydration and aim for a minimum urine output of 2 L/day. Urinary alkalinisation with potassium citrate was started. The patient was referred for genetic counselling. This case discusses the genetics, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of HGPRT deficiency.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.