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CASE REPORT
Anisometropic amblyopia in a case of type 2 Waardenburg syndrome
  1. Ali Akal1,
  2. Tugba Göncü1,
  3. Nurefsan Boyaci2,
  4. Ömer Faruk Yılmaz1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Harran University Medical School, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Harran University Medical School, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nurefsan Boyaci, drnurefsan{at}yahoo.com

Summary

This study presents a case of an 8-year-old boy with iris heterochromia and anisometropic amblyopia who was diagnosed with Waardenburg syndrome (WS) type 2. An ophthalmic examination revealed iris heterochromia and anisometropic amblyopia in our patient. In the systemic examination, a white forelock and vitiligo on the arms and body were observed and neurosensory hearing loss was revealed, for which the patient used hearing aids. Identification and typing of patients with WS is crucial to address neurosensory hearing loss, glaucoma and fundus changes. While it might be challenging to communicate with a patient with speech and hearing problems, visual acuity should be examined carefully and probable amblyopia should be identified. Anterior segment changes and signs of glaucoma should also be evaluated in detail.

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