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Occult bladder injury after laparoscopic appendicectomy
  1. Meher Lad1,
  2. Sarah Duncan1,
  3. Darren K Patten1,2
  1. 1Department of General Surgery, North Middlesex Hospital, London, UK
  2. 2Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Oncology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St. Mary's Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Darren K Patten, darren.patten{at}


Minimally invasive procedures have revolutionised surgery by reducing pain and the length of hospital stay for patients. These are not simple procedures and training in laparoscopic surgery is an arduous process. Meticulous preparation prior to surgery is paramount to prevent complications.

We report a rare complication involving a 35-year-old patient who underwent a laparoscopic appendicectomy for a perforated appendix. Two days after surgery the patient experienced redness and swelling in the lower abdominal region and oliguria. A delayed computer tomography (CT) scan revealed contrast leakage around the bladder spreading within the peritoneal cavity consistent with an intraperitoneal bladder perforation. She underwent urinary catheterisation for 6 days. A follow-up CT cystogram showed no evidence of leakage into the peritoneal cavity. This case highlights the need for thorough preparation prior to laparoscopic surgery and careful manipulation of instruments during routine procedures to minimise the risk of serious patient complications such as the aforementioned.

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