Testicular infarction is an uncommon finding in paediatric age and is usually due to testicular torsion or trauma causing venous rupture with thrombosis and/or arteriolar obstruction. Other causes of segmental infarction of the testes are represented by polyarteritis nodosa, thromboangioiitis obliterans and hypersensitivity angiitis. A few cases of testicular infarction due to epididymitis have been described in the literature related mainly to adult patients. Epididymitis is usually treated in the outpatient setting with close follow-up, but according to our present experience, and reviewing the literature, there may be some cases in which, surgical exploration is mandatory in order to avoid testicular damage.
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