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Osler's node
  1. Taro Shimizu,
  2. Yasuharu Tokuda
  1. Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Taro Shimizu, shimizutaro7{at}gmail.com

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Description

A 49-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of fever. Three days back, he experienced shaking chill. He tried acetaminophene, but the fever rose up to 39°C. One day back, he noticed several painful dark spots on both of his palms. He denied any similar event in the past, and also denied any sick contact, intravenous drug use or recent travel. On examination, painful violaceous nodules were palpable on his left thenar eminence (figure 1) and conjunctival haemorrhages were observed (figure 2). Janeway lesions and sublingual splinters were not found. Heart auscultation revealed a mild regurgitant murmur over the mitral area. Transthoracic ECG revealed vegetation of the mitral valve (figure 3, arrow head) with mild mitral regurgitation. Blood culture revealed Streptococcus viridans from three bottles. Additional history revealed he visited a local dentist and had tooth extraction 2 weeks prior to the onset of the symptoms. Fever subsided 5 days after the initiation of intravenous penicillin G. On day 9, his symptoms resolved and the nodes resolved (figure 4).

Figure 1

Palpable and painful violaceous nodules left thenar eminence.

Figure 2

Conjunctival haemorrhages.

Figure 3

Vegetation of the mitral valve by transthoracic ECG.

Figure 4

Resolved nodes after the treatment.

We concluded that the patient's infective endocarditis was attributed to the dental procedure, allowing Streptococcus to drain into the bloodstream.

Osler's node, first described by William Osler,1 is associated with chronic (subacute) bacterial endocarditis. Cultures of Osler's node have generally been negative.2 The culture of the nodes in this case was negative.2 Although Osler's node is reported to occur in lupus, they are strongly suggestive of bacterial endocarditis.3

Learning points

  • Osler's node is associated with chronic (subacute) bacterial endocarditis.

  • Careful inspection on hands with fever patients can reveal evidence of bacterial endocarditis.

References

View Abstract

Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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