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Learning from errors
Abdominal compartment syndrome – a fatal complication from a rectus sheath haematoma
  1. Sadaf F Jafferbhoy1,
  2. Quatullah Rustum2,
  3. Muhammad Hanif Shiwani1
  1. 1General Surgery Department, Barnsley District General Hospital, Barnsley, UK
  2. 2Radiology Department, Barnsley District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Barnsley, UK
  1. Correspondence to Miss Sadaf F Jafferbhoy, sjafferbhoy{at}


Rectus sheath haematoma is increasingly being seen in patients with anticoagulation therapy. Abdominal compartment syndrome is a rare complication of rectus sheath haematoma with only two cases reported in literature. The authors report a case of a young male who developed abdominal compartment syndrome from a rectus sheath haematoma secondary to anticoagulation therapy. The case highlights the need for a surgical intervention in such exceptional cases.

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Not obtained.