We discuss an 18-year-old girl, diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex and known to have renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) but having no regular urological follow-up, who presented with left-sided abdominal pain and haematuria on urine dipstick testing at the out-of-hours General Practitioner (GP) service. She was diagnosed as having urinary tract infection/pyelonephritis and discharged with simple analgesia and antibiotics. Subsequent imaging of her renal tract demonstrated multiple large AMLs with evidence of recent bleeding, which required arterial embolisation.
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