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Rare disease
A young patient with massive haematemesis
  1. Salman Abdulaziz,
  2. Nabil Abou-Shala,
  3. Ibrahim Al-Sanouri
  1. Adult Critical Care Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Salman Abdulaziz, dr-salman{at}


Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare and life-threatening cause of gastrointestinal haemorrhage which requires emergency surgical intervention. We report a case of aortoesophageal fistula due to previous endovascular stent grafting to the ascending thoracic aorta after previous traumatic injury. The patient presented with catastrophic haematemesis which was managed by repeated deployment of endovascular stent graft and aortic bypass surgery; however, the patient ultimately died due to massive haemoptysis.

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