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Rare disease
Primary pituitary abscess in an adolescent boy: a rare occurrence
  1. Samik Hazra,
  2. Saugata Acharyya,
  3. Kakoli Acharyya
  1. Department of Paediatrics, Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Saugata Acharyya, saugata69{at}


Primary pituitary abscess is a rare clinical condition at a young age. It is characterised by atypical clinical features which makes the diagnosis difficult. Correct diagnosis and therapy are mandatory due to the potentially lethal outcome. We report the case of a 14–year-old healthy boy. The onset was acute with fever, gait imbalance, slurring of speech and amnesia. MRI brain revealed a hyperintense lesion in T2-weighted image (T2WI) in sellar and suprasellar region, which was hypointense in T1WI. After administration of contrast, there was peripheral rim enhancement suggesting pituitary abscess. The diagnosis was confirmed following evacuation of purulent material, during surgery, through a trans-sphenoidal approach. Postoperatively, the boy needed prolonged intensive care support. He was discharged on day 42 after surgery. Follow-up at 3 months revealed complete motor recovery. He required hormone replacement and was intermittently showing features suggestive of frontal lobe syndrome.

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