Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Unusual association of diseases/symptoms
Wind direction and mental health: a time-series analysis of weather influences in a patient with anxiety disorder
  1. Elisabeth Henriette Bos1,
  2. Rogier Hoenders1,
  3. Peter de Jonge2
  1. 1Center for Integrative Psychiatry, Lentis, Groningen, Netherlands
  2. 2Interdisciplinary Centre for Psychiatric Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Elisabeth Henriette Bos, elske.bos{at}

Time-series analysis was used to study the associations between daily weather variables and symptomatology in a man suffering from recurrent anxiety. Outcome measures were the patient's main symptoms: anxiety and energy. Wind direction appeared to be related to the patient's energy levels; these were significantly lower when the wind blew from the southeast. This effect could not be explained by other weather parameters. Decreases in energy in turn predicted increases in anxiety. The reverse effect was observed as well, with increases in anxiety predicting decreases in energy, indicating a positive feedback loop.

View Full Text

Statistics from


  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.