We present a rare case of community acquired (presenting in hospital on the day of admission or within 48 h of admission) Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) with the hypervirulent (ribotype 027) strain causing toxic megacolon in a patient, diagnosed on the third postoperative day following an elective total knee replacement. The patient did not have any of the commonly reported risk factors for CDI. The source of sepsis was initially presumed to be the operated prosthetic joint, and this caused a delay in the correct diagnosis and institution of appropriate antimicrobial treatment which may have contributed to a poorer outcome. This case highlights the risk of patients arriving from the community manifesting life threatening CDI in the hospital.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests: None.
Patient consent: Patient/guardian consent was obtained for publication.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.