Article Text

Rare disease
Leiomyosarcoma arising from the inferior mesenteric vein
  1. Gennaro Clemente1,
  2. Gerardo Sarno1,
  3. Brunella Barbaro2,
  4. Gennaro Nuzzo1
  1. 1
    Catholic University, Department of Surgery, Largo Gemelli 8, Rome, 00168, Italy
  2. 2
    Catholic University, Department of Radiology, Largo Gemelli 8, Rome, 00168, Italy
  1. Gennaro Clemente, gclemente{at}


Leyomiosarcomas arising from the portal/mesenteric venous system are very rare tumours, and only a few cases have been reported in the global literature. As the other leyomiosarcomas of vascular origin, they are associated with a poor prognosis. The present report describes the case of a 66-year-old woman with a leyomiosarcoma of the inferior mesenteric vein, unexpectedly found during a CT scan performed for another indication. A brief review of the literature is also given. The patient underwent radical surgical excision and enjoys a good health, without radiological signs of recurrence, 24 months after surgery. In this case, an early incidental diagnosis determined an early treatment and, probably, a favourable prognosis. This is the second case of leyomiosarcoma of the inferior mesenteric vein reported in the literature.

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  • Competing interests: None.

  • Patient consent: Patient/guardian consent was obtained for publication.