Article Text

Rare disease
Rieger syndrome with multiple chromosomal breaks and chromosome 4 deletion
  1. Mukesh Tanwar1,
  2. Rakesh Kumar2,
  3. Amita Goyal3,
  4. Manoj Kumar2,
  5. Tanuj Dada3,
  6. Gurdeep Singh4,
  7. Ramanjit Sihota3,
  8. Rima Dada5
  1. 1
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Laboratory for Molecular Reproduction and Genetics, Department of Anatomy, New Delhi, 110029, India
  2. 2
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Laboratory for Molecular Reproduction and Genetics, New Delh, Delhi, 110029, India
  3. 3
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. R.P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, 110029, India
  4. 4
    Air Force Central Medical Establishment, Department of Pathology, Subrato Park, New Delhi, Delhi, 110010, India
  5. 5
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi, 110029, India
  1. rima_dada{at}rediffmail.com

Summary

Rieger syndrome (RS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with variable expressivity and complete penetrance. AxenfeldRieger syndrome (ARS) shows genetic heterogeneity with mutations in several chromosomal loci being implicated including PITX2, FOXC1 and PAX6. Cytogenetic analysis was done in this case. Patient had de novo 46,XY,del(4q25–q27) karyotype with a high percentage (>35%) of chromosomal breaks. The breaks were on different chromosomes and not related to disease phenotype of RS. Such chromosomal breaks are diagnostic of chromosomal instability syndromes. Available literature does not report chromosomal breaks in RS or due to culture condition. Such a high percentage of chromosomal breaks are associated with development of certain cancers. In the present case we did not find any features consistent with any of the chromosomal instability syndromes like Fanconi’s anaemia and Blooms syndrome, but such cases need to be under regular follow-up. Thus RS cases with multiple chromosomal breaks need regular follow-up and genetic counselling

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: none.

  • Patient consent: Patient/guardian consent was obtained for publication

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