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Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa) toxicity
  1. Sima Besharat1,2,
  2. Mahsa Besharat3,
  3. Ali Jabbari4
  1. 1
    Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Shalikoobi Ave, 21st Edalat, Gorgan, 49177-44563, Islamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2
    Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 5 Azar St, Gorgan, 49177-44563, Islamic Republic of Iran
  3. 3
    Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Shalikoobi Ave, Gorgan, 4917744563, Islamic Republic of Iran
  4. 4
    Golestan University of Medical Sciences, 5 Azar Hospital, Gorgan, 4917744563, Islamic Republic of Iran
  1. Sima Besharat, s_besharat_gp{at}yahoo.com

Summary

Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa) can cause toxic effects when eaten. Wild lettuce grows in the north of Iran and some natives consume it unaware of its adverse side effects. We describe eight patients with manifestations of wild lettuce toxicity, admitted to a general hospital affiliated to the Golestan University of Medical Sciences. All the patients recovered (although one had to spend 48 h in the intensive care unit) and no chronic complications were reported. A clinical suspicion of toxicity caused by wild lettuce intake and an accurate history formed the basis of the diagnosis. Conservative treatment, vital sign monitoring, control of patient intake and output, and reducing patient agitation provided the basis for treatment.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: none.

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